Get to know your headset

What is in the box

Inside the Varjo box you will find:

Varjo VR-1 headset
Link Box
LB-1
Link Box power supply unit
S51A00
Connector cables:

1 x USB-C
2 x DisplayPort
1 x USB-A

3 power cables:

Euro plug
UK plug
US plug

Standard face mask – attached to the headset
Large face mask – separately in the box
Cleaning cloth

 

What is not in the box

There are a few items that are not provided in the Varjo VR-1 box. These will need to be purchased separately:

 

SteamVR™ base stations

(mandatory)

Base stations are used for the positional tracking of the headset, and they are mandatory for using the device. You can use either SteamVR™ 1.0 or 2.0 base stations.

We recommend using two base stations.

 

Controllers

(optional)

Controllers are used for interacting with virtual objects. The Varjo headset can be used without controllers, but your VR application might have specific interactions that require using a controller.

If you want to use apps with controller-based interactions, the Varjo VR-1 can be paired with SteamVR™-compatible controllers.

 

 

Wearing the headset

Adjusting the headband

 

 

The Varjo VR-1 comes with an adjustable headband. There are two ways to adjust the headband’s fit: (1) the adjustment wheel on the back of the headband and (2) the head strap on top.

Before wearing the headset, loosen the headband by rotating the wheel counter-clockwise and open the head strap. Do not force the headset on without loosening the headband first.

Put the headset on and rotate the adjustment wheel clockwise until the headset fits. Then tighten the head strap. You will find the best fit for yourself by trying different ways to tighten the headband. Do not overtighten the headband.

You can wear eyeglasses or contact lenses with the Varjo headset.

 

Fitting the face mask

The headset comes with two face masks. The standard face mask is attached to the headset, and the large face mask is in the Varjo box.

The large face mask is wider and taller. It accommodates different head shapes and provides more space between eyeglasses and the headset lenses. If the standard face mask feels too tight for you, change the face mask.

 

Using the light blocker

 

The Varjo VR-1 has a light blocker, which prevents daylight from affecting the virtual reality experience. Position the light blocker flaps on top of the cushion as shown in the picture.

When changing the face mask or cushion, remember to readjust the light blocker.

 

 

Using the headset

Using the headset buttons

There are two buttons on the headset: (1) the System button and (2) the Application button.

Use the System button to access the System settings when you are wearing the headset.

Use the Application button for interacting with your VR apps. This button can have different functionalities depending on your app.

The System button has an LED light that indicates the system status. The light appears green when the headset is in use, and white when the headset is idle.

 

Starting a VR application

To use a VR application with your headset, open the application on your Windows computer. The application opens directly in your connected headset.

Make sure that your VR apps are compatible with the Varjo headset. See the details in the Develop for the VR-1 section for how to integrate your existing apps with the Varjo headset.

 

Quitting a VR application

When you want to quit using the headset, you can simply take off the headset and close the application from your Windows computer. The headset will turn its displays to sleep mode when not used for a short while.

 

Using the positional tracking

The Varjo headset uses the SteamVR™ tracking system. With this technology, your VR application always knows the exact position of your headset and the controllers.

The tracking system allows you to move around in your room freely while using the apps, and the headset image updates seamlessly when you move. With the SteamVR™ Tracking technology, you can have up to 5 x 5 meters of (16 x 16 ft) moving space around you.

The status of the devices is displayed in Varjo Base. Go to the Headset page in Varjo Base to see the tracking status of your headset, base stations and controllers:

Connected
Device is connected and tracking.
Not tracking
Device is connected but tracking is not working. Tracking may be temporarily lost if the device is not in a direct line of sight with the base stations.
Not connected
Device is not connected. Power on your devices to see their status.

 

Understanding the Bionic Display™

The Varjo headset introduces the Bionic Display™ that lets you see the virtual reality as clearly as you see the real world.

The display has the highest and most intense resolution in the center, called the focus area. This is how your eyes work in the real world, too: you can see what’s happening in the periphery, but your focus is on what’s right in front of your eyes.

The focus area appears in the center of the display. Turn your head to see the things around you in the highest resolution.

 

Adjusting the lenses

When you use the headset, the headset adjusts the lenses automatically based on your interpupillary distance (IPD). This setting is on by default. We recommend that you keep the setting on for optimal comfort while viewing.

The VR-1 headset is recommended to be used by people whose interpupillary distance is between 61 and 73 mm. People with smaller or larger interpupillary distance may not be able to see the content in the highest possible visual quality, or they can feel discomfort when using the headset.

The headset adjusts the lenses briefly every time when you put the headset on. You may hear a short buzzing sound during the adjustment.

Tip: Sometimes the automatic adjustment can fail if the headset is not well-positioned and the headset can’t see the eyes. Also frequent blinking may cause the adjustment to fail. To get an optimal reading of your eyes, press the System button and select Realign headset. The headset will readjust the lenses while the alignment instructions are displayed.

You can switch off the setting in Varjo Base if the automatic adjustment does not work for you. Even though the headset has been designed to work with most eyeglasses and contact lenses, automatic adjustment may not work, for example due to special eyeglasses or other medical conditions that impair your vision.

 

Aligning the headset for optimal viewing

The Bionic Display™ is a precision tool and seeing contents in the highest possible visual quality requires that the headset is precisely aligned with your eyes. The optimal alignment may be different for every individual, as it depends on the shape of the face and eyes of the user. Also, eyeglasses may affect the optimal alignment.

Whenever you plan on working in a virtual environment with rich visual details, it is recommended to check that the headset is optimally aligned, using the instructions screen for the headset alignment.

Tip: If the headset is not optimally aligned, you may see straight lines appearing discontinuous or curved when they travel from the display edges towards the center of the display. You may also notice blue or red halo colors on the edges of light-colored objects.

 To launch the instructions, press the System button and select Realign headset.

The graphics shows four lines extending from the center of the display towards the edges. If you observe them closely, you will notice that each line consists of three thinner lines.

Carefully observe the thin lines in the four areas highlighted with blue circles. These are the intersections where the high-resolution focus area meets the lower-resolution peripheral area. When the headset is well-aligned, the lines will appear continuous in all these four areas. If you observe the lines broken, blurred or bent, try moving the headset on your face to fix the alignment. The picture below illustrates an example of a bad and good alignment.

While the instructions for the headset alignment are displayed, the device will also adjust the lenses to match your interpupillary distance.

After you have found the optimal position for the headset, make sure to adjust the headband so that the headset feels stable and stays in its place.

You can set the alignment instructions to appear automatically every time when you put the headset on. This will help to check the alignment easily when you start using the headset. Go to the Settings page in Varjo Base and switch on the option Show guidance for headset alignment.

 

Using the eye tracking

The Varjo headset can track your eye movements. This feature can be used by VR apps for interacting with the contents and the virtual environment.

If your VR application uses eye tracking, you will see the calibration screen. Follow the guidance on the screen to calibrate the device to recognize your eye movements. The calibration is done by following  a moving dot with your eyes. This sequence typically takes less than a minute.

For the eye tracking to work accurately, the headset needs to be placed firmly and aligned straight so that the cameras can see your eye movements. Always use the headband with eye tracking apps to make sure the headset stays stable during use. The headset may show you additional instructions on how to position the headset optimally before the calibration.

Note that if you remove the headset, you will need to calibrate the eye tracking again for the next session. To launch the calibration again at any time, press the System button and select Calibrate eye tracking.

Eye tracking has been designed to work with most eyeglasses and contact lenses. However, the technology cannot be guaranteed to work with all special glasses or medical eye conditions.

 

Using the System settings

You can access the System settings at any point while wearing the headset.

Press the System button to view the System settings. Turn your head to focus on the items. Use the Application button for selecting items. You can also point and select with a controller.

Press the System button again to exit the settings.

 

Updating the Varjo software and the headset firmware

You can update the Varjo software and the headset’s firmware in Varjo Base. It is recommended to always use the latest software and device firmware for the best performance.

Go to the Support page in Varjo Base to check for available updates. You can set Varjo Base to automatically check for available updates and show a notification about them. All updates will ask for your confirmation before they are installed. Varjo Base never automatically updates itself without your consent.

If your computer doesn’t have direct access to the internet, you can download the updates on another computer and copy the installation files locally to your computer.

Important: Firmware updates to the Varjo headset can only be installed using Varjo Base. Never attempt to update the firmware using the SteamVR application. SteamVR may suggest updating the firmware for your headset. If this happens, ignore the notification.

 

Powering off the headset

The headset gets powered through the Link Box power supply. Please be aware that when plugged into the wall socket, the headset remains powered on even if you turn off your computer.

When the headset is not used for a longer period of time, it is recommended to unplug the Link Box from the wall socket and disconnect the headset’s blue optical cable from the Link Box.

When the headset is powered on and not being used, make sure to place it on a flat surface with the vents on the top of the headset facing up. Make sure not to cover the vents on the top and bottom of the headset.

 

 

Care and maintenance

General care of the Varjo VR-1 headset

Please be aware that your Varjo VR-1 headset is a high-precision optical instrument. Handle your headset with care.  Do not drop or throw the headset, as it could damage the the optical elements.

Lenses and optics play a key part in a crystal clear virtual reality experience. Be careful not to scratch the lenses when you use, store, or transfer the Varjo headset.

When using the headset with eyeglasses, ensure that the eyeglasses do not touch or scratch the headset lenses.

Always lift the headset by holding the headset body or the headband. Do not lift the headset by holding the face mask, cables or the head strap.

Be careful not to scratch the lenses or the front plate while changing the face mask, the cushion or the headband.

Protect the headset during transportation.

 

Placement

The headset is intended to be used indoors only. Keep the headset in a clean and dust-free place.

When the headset is powered on and not being used, place it on a flat surface with the vents on the top of the headset facing up. Make sure not to cover the vents on the top and bottom of the headset.

Do not leave the headset in direct sunlight or strong ultraviolet light. Exposure to direct sunlight can damage the optics and the displays.

Do not place the headset near heat sources, hot areas, or extreme temperatures. Do not expose the headset to open flames or lit smoking products.

Do not use the headset near water or liquid.

Do not use the headset after a dramatic change in temperature. When you move the headset between environments with very different temperature and/or humidity ranges, condensation may form on or within the headset. Allow enough time for the moisture to evaporate before using the product.

 

 

Changing the face mask

 

The headset comes with two face masks. The standard face mask is attached to the headset, and the large face mask is in the Varjo box.

  1. Place the headset on a flat surface with the front plate facing down. Be careful not to scratch the front plate.
  2. Loosen the adjustment wheel so that there is enough space between the headset and the headband.
  3. Pull out the two holders around the nose pad that attach the face mask to the headset, while firmly holding the headset in place.
  4. To remove the face mask, gently lift either edge of the face mask until it comes loose.
  5. Place the new face mask on the headset. The magnets snap it into the correct position.
  6. Push the two holders around the nose pad in place.

 

Changing the cushion

 

 

The cushion is attached to the face mask with hook-and-loop strips and can be easily changed.

  1. Remove the face mask as described in Changing the face mask.
  2. Gently pull the cushion from either of the corners and lift it off.
  3. Attach a new cushion by starting from either of the corners and push it firmly into place.
  4. Ensure that there are no wrinkles in the cushion and that it covers the whole face mask.
  5. Place the face mask on the headset.

Note that there are two different sizes of face masks and cushions, the standard and large size. Be sure to attach the right cushion depending on the face mask you are using.

 

Removing the headband

 

It is possible to remove the headband during transportation or storage of the headset.

  1. Place the headset on a flat surface. Be careful not to scratch the front plate.
  2. Tighten the headband by turning the adjustment wheel.
  3. Open the head strap and pull it free from the front.
  4. Remove the cables from the two holders located on the left side of the headset and back of the headband.
  5. Using a coin, turn the locking mechanisms on both sides of the headband counter-clockwise to unlock the headband from the headset.
  6. Gently pull the headband apart to remove it.

 

Cleaning the Varjo VR-1

 

Cleaning the headset

Unplug the headset from its power source before cleaning.

Clean the headset body with non-abrasive anti-bacterial wipes.

Do not use soap, harsh chemicals, cleaning solvents, liquid cleansers, or aerosols. Do not use any liquids to clean the headset.

 

Cleaning the lenses

Clean the headset lenses gently with a dry optical lens micro-fiber cloth.

Do not clean the lenses with any liquid or chemical cleansers.

 

Cleaning the face mask cushion

Dampen a clean smooth cloth with water (up to +40C / 104F) and gently wipe the area you want to clean.

Air dry at room temperature. Don’t tumble dry, iron, or expose the cushion to direct sunlight.

Do not scrub, wring, or bleach the cushion.

 

 

Accessories

SteamVR™ base stations

 

SteamVR™ base stations are used for tracking the headset and the controllers. You can use either SteamVR™ 1.0 or 2.0 base stations.

We recommend using two base stations.

Install the base stations in the room where you plan to use your headset. See the Setup steps in the Getting started guide.

 

SteamVR™ controllers

 

 

Controllers are used for interacting with virtual objects. The Varjo headset can be used without controllers, but your VR application might have specific interactions that require using a controller. If you want to use apps with controller-based interactions, the Varjo headset can be paired with SteamVR™-compatible controllers.

The controllers are connected using the SteamVR application. See the Setup steps in the Get started guide.

 

 

Headphones

If your VR experiences include sounds or voice input, you can plug your headphones into the headset. Headphones with a 3.5mm audio jack are compatible with the Varjo VR-1.

Remember to check that you have selected the correct sound output and input source from the settings on your Windows computer.

 

Varjo Mixed Reality Upgrade

VR-1 owners can contact Varjo to upgrade their device to XR, and they will have priority when XR-1 starts shipping. Read more about XR‑1.

 

 

Didn’t find what you were looking for? See FAQ & Troubleshooting for additional tips and frequently asked questions.